Price to Book and 12m Momentum Investment Strategy
The Price to Book ratio (Current share price / Book value per share) is another good valuation measure you can use to find undervalued investment ideas.
It has been tested in numerous research papers, over long periods of time, and is an investment strategy that outperforms the market.
It can be improved a LOT
But, as you have seen with other one ratio investment strategies, it can be substantially improved.
Before we get to that here are the back tested returns you could have earned if you used a low PB strategy to invest in Europe over the 12 year period 13 June 1999 to 13 June 2011.
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Q1 (Quintile 1) represents the cheapest 20% of companies in terms of PB and Q5 (quintile 5) the most expensive.
The lowest PB companies (Q1) substantially outperformed the market, which over the same 12 year period returned 30.54%.
As you can see the strategy worked best for medium sized companies.
You can do even better
As mentioned you can improve your returns substantially if you combine PB with another ratio or indicator as the table below clearly shows:
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Best combination – Momentum
The best way to increase your returns was to combine PB with Price Index 6 months (6 months momentum) or Price Index 12 months (12 months momentum).
Momentum beats the Piotroski F-Score
As you can see the combination of price to book with momentum did even better compared to using the Piotroski F-Score investment strategy (+685.2%).
Exact definition – in glossary
You can see the exact definition of all the ratios and indicators in the Glossary.
Be careful! – Long periods of under-performance
Although the Price to Book ratio is a good valuation ratio it also has long periods of under-performance, please refer to the following article: Be careful of this time tested value ratio
Use Book to Market not Price to Book
When searching for low Price to Book companies it is better if you use the Book to Market ratio (the inverse of Price to Book) to see why read the following article: Why use book to market and not price to book?
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